Missoula Healthy Kids Indictors - 2020
A HEALTHY BODY WEIGHT
Because weight is influenced by energy (calories) consumed and expended, interventions to improve weight can support changes in diet or physical activity. They can help change individuals’ knowledge and skills, reduce exposure to foods low in nutritional value and high in calories, or increase opportunities for physical activity. Interventions can help prevent unhealthy weight gain or facilitate weight loss among obese people. They can be delivered in multiple settings, including health care settings, worksites, or schools.
Social and Physical Determinants of Weight
Obesity is a problem throughout the population. However, among adults, the prevalence is highest for middle-aged people and for non-Hispanic black and Mexican American women. Among children and adolescents, the prevalence of obesity is highest among older and Mexican American children and non-Hispanic black girls. The association of income with obesity varies by age, gender, and race/ethnicity.
Obesity is the 2nd leading cause of preventable death in the US. CDC
Overweight is defined as having a Body Mass Index (weight [kg] / height [m2]) at or above the 85th percentile for age and sex based on the reference population of the CDC 2000 growth charts. Obesity is a body mass index at or above the 95th percentile.
Individuals who are at a healthy weight are less likely to:
- Develop chronic disease risk factors, such as high blood pressure and dyslipidemia.
- Develop chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, osteoarthritis, and some cancers.
- Experience complications during pregnancy.
- Die at an earlier age.
- How are we doing
- Additional information - Adult overweight in MT and US; Adult overweight trends; barriers to a healthy body weight; chronic disease associated with overweight.
In 2010, the Body Mass Index (BMI) for 911 third graders in Missoula was calculated: 74% had a normal, healthy BMI.
MCCHD, Health Promotion Division
Although BMI measurements are not collected in all communities, the CDC estimates that 1/3 of U.S. children ages 6-11 are overweight or obese. Given that parameter we are slightly under the national average with 28% of Missoula 3rd graders being overweight or obese. Missoula BMI report 2009
Healthy People 2020 Target
Percent of kids age 2 - 19 who are considered obese:
Baseline 2008 – 16.2% Target – 14.6%
The US Dept
of Health and Human Services sponsors the
a science-based, 10-year national plan for improving the health of all Americans.
The prevalence of obesity in Montana high school students increased from 6% in 1999 to 10% in 2007. MT Maternal Child Health Needs Assessment 2010
For Additional Data and Information important for evaluating this topic, click here.
- Adult overweight and obesity trends - US and Montana