Missoula Healthy Kids Indicators - 2020
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
Low birth weight infants (less than 5 lbs 8 oz) include those born too early, as well as those suffering from retarded intrauterine growth. The long term cost to society for medical and social services for them is frequently high. They begin their lives in neonatal intensive care units, and are at much higher risk for a host of developmental and physical problems through out their lives. Birth weight also reflects socioeconomic status, race, maternal age, education, access to health care, and tobacco, alcohol, and drug use of the mother.
In the US, in 2008:
- 8% of births to all ages were low birth weight babies.
- 10% of babies born to 15-19 year olds were low birth weight.
- 13% of babies born to mothers younger than 15 were low birth
National Vital Statistics System
Prenatal care is a key factor in preventing preterm births and very low birth weight babies.
- How are we doing
- Additional data - infant mortality, effects of substance abuse, prenatal care
Source: Vital Statistics, MDPHHS.
|Healthy People 2020 Target|
|Low birth weight||8.2%||7.8%|
|Very low birth weight||1.5%||1.4%|
The US Dept of Health
and Human Services sponsors the
a science-based, 10-year national plan for improving the health of all Americans.
For Additional Data and Information important for evaluating this topic, click here.
- Infant mortality
- Effects of substance abuse
- Prenatal care
- Health challenges associated with poor prenatal care
- Savings associated with providing good prenatal care