Missoula Measures - Tobacco Use
- How we are doing
- Related data
- Local agencies that address this issue
- Missoula Tobacco Use Prevention Plan
- Related Measures
- Related websites
Why this topic?
- Tobacco addiction kills more than twice as many people as alcohol abuse, motor vehicle accidents, suicide, homicide illicit drugs, HIV/AIDS and fires COMBINED. CDC Smoking-attributed Mortality, 2004
- Almost 90% of adult smokers took his or her first puff at or before age 18. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, You Need to Know the Truth, 2010
- In Montana, 18,000 kids now under 18 will ultimately die prematurely from smoking. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, The Toll of Tobacco in MT, 2010
- In Montana, nearly 32% of all cancer deaths are attributed to smoking. That includes 90% of all lung cancer deaths. MT Vital Statistics, 2008
Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death and disease in the United States. Each year, approximately 443,000 Americans die from tobacco-related illnesses. For every person who dies from tobacco use, 20 more people suffer with at least 1 serious tobacco-related illness. In addition, tobacco use costs the U.S. $193 billion annually in direct medical expenses and lost productivity. HP 2020
Tobacco use causes:
- Heart disease
- Lung diseases (including emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic airway obstruction)
- Premature birth, low birth weight, stillbirth, and infant death
There is no safe level for use of any tobacco products.
There is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke causes heart disease and lung cancer in adults and a number of health problems in infants and children, including:
- Severe asthma attacks
- Respiratory infections
- Ear infections
- Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Smokeless tobacco causes a number of serious oral health problems, including cancer of the mouth and gums, periodontitis, and tooth loss.
Cigar use causes cancer of the larynx, mouth, esophagus, and lung.
Nationally, we have seen significant reductions in cigarette smoking, from about 40% in 1965 to nearly half that 30 years later. The smoking rate is about the same in Missoula (22% +/- 2%) as it is in the state as a whole and the state rate of smoking has been holding steady for five years. The percent of teens now smoking regularly in Missoula is slightly less than the state as a whole, but represents a significant new population addicted to tobacco.
Healthy People 2020 Targets
- Only 16% of adolescents smoke
- Only 12% of adults smoke
- Only 45% of the population is exposed to 2nd hand smoke
- Only 1% of high school students use spit tobacco
Thirty-three states have outright bans on smoking in private worksites and restaurants, and 27 states have bans on smoking in bars, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Nine of the 10 states with the lowest smoking rates have outright bans on smoking.
The Montana Adult Tobacco Survey of 2008 reports that 7 in 10 current smokers are either contemplating or preparing to quit.
12-20% of pregnant women smoke, putting themselves and their babies at risk. Over 1,000 babies in the U.S. die each year because their moms smoked while pregnant.
The rate of tobacco use in the US has been slowly declining, from 25% in 1997 to 21% in 2005.
The method of collecting and evaluating data changed in 2011, so statistics prior to that are not directly comparable.
Youth tobacco use:
Montana Prevention Needs Assessment
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention:
- During 2011–2012, two out of every five children ages 3 to 11—including seven out of every ten Black children—in the United States were exposed to secondhand smoke regularly.
Among current U.S. adult cigarette smokers, nearly 7 out of every 10 (68.8%) report that they want to quit completely.
Montana Clean Indoor Air Act
In 2005, the state legislature passed the Montana Clean Indoor Air Act (CIAA) that prohibits smoking in all work places, public buildings, bars and casinos in the entire state. As of June 2012, 21 states have similar laws
- 88% of Montanans support the CIAA for restaurants
- 75% support the CIAA for bars and casinos
- 62% of smokers believe that bar employees should have a smoke-free workplace
|Healthy People 2020 Targets - Increase the percent of :|
|Women who do not smoke during pregnancy
12-20% of U.S. pregnant women smoke, putting themselves and their babies at risk. Over 1,000 babies in the U.S. die each year because their moms smoked while pregnant. Missoula Providence Health Services
- Prevent initiation of tobacco use among youth and ehnance anti-tobacco culture in middle and high schools
- Reduce underage access to tobacco products
- Promote quitting among youth and adultseliminate nonsmoker's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke
- Identify and eliminate disparities among Native Americans, women of childbearing age, and male users of smokeless tobacco.
- 43% of Montana Quit Line callers are male
- 90% want to quit cigarettes
- 10% want to quit spit tobacco
- Many use more than one form of tobacco, including cigars and pipes.
There are many websites addressing tobacco-related issues. The six sites listed below are some of the larger sites on tobacco issues and are good places to start.
American Heart Association - Getting Healthy
Tobacco.org - news and links
Healthy People 2010 - extensive background on national public health status of this topic and many others.