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Missoula Measures - Domestic Violence


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Why this topic?

Domestic violence causes immediate physical and emotional pain, but its effects on families are much deeper and more wide-ranging than that. Just witnessing a parent’s abuse, whether or not they are abused themselves, leads to significant emotional, learning, and behavioral problems in children, including the increased likelihood of acting violently themselves. Abused women, in addition to the mental and physical health ramifications, face fear, economic insecurity, isolation, and even possible death, whether or not they leave the abuser. And despite the stereotypes, no group is immune to the effects of domestic violence. It crosses all age, race, cultural, and socioeconomic boundaries. And alcohol abuse is frequently linked to domestic violence.

How are we doing?

For many reasons, it is very hard to tell what the numbers mean when you’re talking about services provided to victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence is a crime that often goes unreported; best estimates are that only about 2/3 of domestic abuse situations are ever referred to the police. HP 2000 So increased numbers of reports might actually be positive, meaning that battered spouses are perceiving more support for coming forward. But there is no evidence that domestic violence is decreasing. The Missoula YWCA Women's Shelter houses about 120 women a year who are attempting to escape abusive situations.

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Indicator

graph domestic violence calls, Missoula 2000-2013

NOTE: In 2006, the reporting of domestic violence calls to 9-1-1 was changed. Most of are now coded as disturbance calls. Therefore, the number of specific domestic violence calls is much lower, while the number of disturbance calls is higher.

More Domestic Violence Data

Related Data

National Prevalence

Most national studies of the prevalence of partner assaults suggest that roughly 25% to 30% of women will be assaulted at some point in their lives by partners or ex-partners. National Resource Center on Domestic Violence 1994. In national crime data from 1987 through 1991, females experienced more than 10 times as many incidents of violence by intimates (husbands or boyfriends) than men did.

Women are generally victimized by:
     an intimate or relative - 33%
     an acquaintance - 35%
     a stranger - 31%.

Family-related violence accounted for 5% of all violent victimization against men.

Strangers tended to inflict less harm on women victims of assault than intimates did. Women were almost twice as likely to be injured if the offender was an intimate (59%) than if the offender was a stranger (27%). National Crime Victimization Survey 1987-1991, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence.

Characteristics of Participants in Domestic Violence

From a recent study of 62 episodes of domestic violence:

Victims

Assailants

(JAMA 277(17)1997)

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Why victims don't leave:

Major explanations of why women remain in abusive relationships:

Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence

 

Why abusers don't stop:

Partner assault is about power and control. Social conditioning, gender stereotypes, and a culture that condones violence are all more significant factors in domestic violence than the personal, interpersonal, or socioeconomic factors we tend to blame. The elimination of life problems such as stress, substance abuse, and unemployment does not effectively stop domestic abuse in a relationship. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Resource Center on Domestic Violence.

It is also important to note that domestic violence generally is not just one isolated physical event. It is a pattern of behavior used against a spouse that can consist of all kinds of abusive actions — intimidation, name calling, attacks against property, isolation, threats, sexual attacks, physical assault. Whether or not the abuse is physically damaging, its intent is always to keep the upper hand in the relationship, and it is all psychologically damaging. Prevention Connection, MDPHHS, Fall 1997

 

Effects on children:

The majority of abused women who use shelter services bring children. In one study, 72% of the women brought children to the shelter; 21% were accompanied by three or more children. Fact Sheet, National Woman Abuse Prevention Project.

Children in abusive households are much more likely to be abused themselves. Whether or not they are actually hurt, they are more likely to have a host of behavioral and emotional problems.

Nationwide, 85% of felons grew up in a home with domestic violence. U.S. Dept. of Justice

Local agencies that address this topic

Missoula City-County Relationship Violence Services
Crime Victim Advocate Program

Phone: (406)258-3830
Email: cva@co.missoula.mt.us
Physical Address: 317 Woody, Missoula, MT 59802
Mailing Address: 200 W. Broadway, Missoula, MT 59802
Website: http://www.co.missoula.mt.us/RVS/CVA.htm

 

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Related websites

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control - Intimate Partner Violence

Montana Coalition Against Domestic Violence

Dating and Abuse

Women's Health Statistics - by state; National Institute for Health; includes domestic violence and rape.

Links to health data, statistics and information from many general sources.

 

 

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